Meshblock 2023 (generalised)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

79420
37
Added
01 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 01 Dec 2022.

This dataset is the definitive of the annually released meshblock boundaries as at 1 January 2023 as defined by Stats NZ (the custodian), clipped to the coastline. This clipped version has been created for cartographic purposes and so does not fully represent the official full extent boundaries. This version contains 57,539 meshblocks.

Stats NZ maintains an annual meshblock pattern for collecting and producing statistical data. This allows data to be compared over time.

A meshblock is the smallest geographic unit for which statistical data is collected and processed by Stats NZ. A meshblock is a defined geographic area, which can vary in size from part of a city block to a large area of rural land. The optimal size for a meshblock is 30–60 dwellings (containing approximately 60–120 residents).

Each meshblock borders on another to form a network covering all of New Zealand, including coasts and inlets and extending out to the 200-mile economic zone (EEZ) and is digitised to the 12-mile (19.3km) limit. Meshblocks are added together to build up larger geographic areas such as statistical area 1 (SA1), statistical area 2 (SA2), statistical area 3 (SA3), and urban rural (UR). They are also used to define electoral districts, territorial authorities, and regional councils.

Meshblock boundaries generally follow road centrelines, cadastral property boundaries, or topographical features such as rivers. Expanses of water in the form of lakes and inlets are defined separately from land.

Meshblock maintenance

Meshblock boundaries are amended by:

  1. Splitting – subdividing a meshblock into two or more meshblocks.
  2. Nudging – shifting a boundary to a more appropriate position.

Reasons for meshblock splits and nudges can include:

·to maintain meshblock criteria rules.

·to improve the size balance of meshblocks in areas where there has been population growth

·to maintain alignment to cadastre and other geographic features.

·Stats NZ requests for boundary changes so that statistical geography boundaries can be moved

·external requests for boundary changes so that administrative or electoral boundaries can be moved

·to separate land and water. Mainland, inland water, islands, inlets, and oceanic are defined separately

Meshblock changes are made throughout the year. A major release is made at 1 January each year with ad hoc releases available to users at other times.

While meshblock boundaries are continually under review, 'freezes' on changes to the boundaries are applied periodically. Such 'freezes' are imposed at the time of population censuses and during periods of intense electoral activity, for example, prior and during general and local body elections.

Meshblock numbering

Meshblocks are not named and have seven-digit codes.

When meshblocks are split, each new meshblock is given a new code. The original meshblock codes no longer exist within that version and future versions of the meshblock classification. Meshblock codes do not change when a meshblock boundary is nudged.

Meshblocks that existed prior to 2015 and have not changed are numbered from 0000100 to 3210003. Meshblocks created from 2015 onwards are numbered from 4000000.

Digitised and non-digitised meshblocks

The digital geographic boundaries are defined and maintained by Stats NZ.

Meshblocks cover the land area of New Zealand, the water area to the 12mile limit, the Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, sub-Antarctic islands, offshore oil rigs, and Ross Dependency. The following 16 meshblocks are not held in digitised form.

Meshblock / Location (statistical area 2 name)

  • 0016901 / Oceanic Kermadec Islands
  • 0016902 / Kermadec Islands
  • 1588000 / Oceanic Oil Rig Taranaki
  • 3166401 / Oceanic Campbell Island
  • 3166402 / Campbell Island
  • 3166600 / Oceanic Oil Rig Southland
  • 3166710 / Oceanic Auckland Islands
  • 3166711 / Auckland Islands
  • 3195000 / Ross Dependency
  • 3196001 / New Zealand Economic Zone
  • 3196002 / Oceanic Bounty Islands
  • 3196003 / Bounty Islands
  • 3196004 / Oceanic Snares Islands
  • 3196005 / Snares Island
  • 3196006 / Oceanic Antipodes Islands
  • 3196007 / Antipodes Island

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

Generalised version

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Digital data

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

To download geographic classifications in table formats such as CSV please use Ariā

Layer ID 111228
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 57539 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Functional Urban Area 2023 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

75620
23
Added
07 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 07 Dec 2022.

2023 Functional Urban Area update

For the 2023 FUA, there have been minor updates from the 2018 FUAs to align with changes to urban rural (UR) boundaries and statistical area 1 (SA1) composition. FUA 2023 is still based on the analysis of 2018 Census of Population and Dwellings commuting data. The Wanaka urban area, whose population has grown to be more than 10,000 based on population estimates, has been reclassified to a medium urban area in the 2023 UR and a medium regional centre in the FUA type.

Description

This dataset is the definitive version of the Functional Urban Area boundaries as at 1 January 2023, as defined by Stats NZ.

The functional urban area (FUA) classification identifies small urban areas and rural areas that are integrated with major, large, and medium urban areas to create FUAs. In 2023, there are 53 FUAs,excluding ‘land area outside functional urban area’ (9001) and ‘water area outside functional urban area’ (9002). The FUA classificationuses the urban rural (UR) geography to demarcate urban areas, and statistical area 1 areas(SA1s) to demarcate surrounding hinterland (the commuting zone) within FUAs, and rural and water areas outside FUAs.

FUAs represent a populated urban core/s and its commuting zone. Workplace address and usual residence address data from the 2018 Census of Population and Dwellings were used to identify satellite urban areas (1,000–4,999 residents), rural settlements and other rural SA1s from which at least 40 percent of workers commuted to urban areas with more than 5,000 residents.

FUA numbering and naming

The FUA classification identifies FUAs by the name of the most highly populated urban area it contains, for example, the Christchurch FUA includes the Christchurch urban core and Rangiora, Kaiapoi, and Rolleston secondary urban cores. There is one exception to the naming rule. The Paraparaumu-Waikanae-Paekakariki conurbation and surrounding hinterland is named Kapiti Coast.

The FUA classification has a two-level hierarchical structure, joined together to create each FUA code. Level 1 is classified by FUA type (TFUA) a one-digit code and level 2, which has three-digit codes numbered approximately north to south. Some examples are: 1001 Auckland, 2001 Whangārei, 3001 Cambridge, and 4001 Kaitāia.

FUA type (TFUA)

FUAs are further categorised by population size. The urban core’s population rather than the entire FUA’s population is used to maintain consistency between the descriptions of UR urban area and FUA type. The categories are, by code:

1 Metropolitan area – more than 100,000 residents living in the urban core,

2 Large regional centre – urban core population 30,000–99,999,

3 Medium regional centre – urban core population 10,000–29,999,

4 Small regional centre – urban core population 5,000–9,999, and,

9 Area outside functional urban area.

The Greymouth urban area population is less than 10,000 but is classified as a medium regional centre, consistent with its treatment as a medium urban area in the UA classification.

To differentiate from the UR classification, when referring to FUAs by name, their FUA type should also be mentioned, for example, Christchurch metropolitan area, Whangarei regional centre.

FUA indicator (IFUA)

The IFUA classifies UR2023 urban areas and rural SA1s according to their character within their FUA. The indicators, with their codes in brackets, are:

• urban area within functional urban area – urban core (101), secondary urban core (102), satellite urban area (103),

• rural area within functional urban area – hinterland (201),

• area outside functional urban area – land area outside functional urban area (901), water area outside functional urban area (902).

Further information on the urban rural indicator is available on the Stats NZ classification tool Ariā.

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

Generalised version

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Macrons

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The column name for those without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

Digital data

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

Layer ID 111270
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 138
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas Table 2023

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

65591
83
Added
06 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 06 Dec 2022.

The geographic areas file 2023 is a text file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as statistical areas, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use the areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries are related.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas file can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Geographic areas files for earlier years are also available on Stats NZ’s Geographic Data Service.

From 2020 onwards, names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons, as applicable. Where a descriptor column has a macron, the corresponding column name without a macron is suffixed with ‘ascii’.

Table ID 111243
Data type Table
Row count 57539
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Statistical Area 2 2020 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

56760
1201
Updated
25 Jun 2020

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 25 Jun 2020.

This dataset is the definitive set of statistical area 2 (SA2) boundaries for 2020 as defined by Stats NZ. This version contains 2,255 SA2 categories.

SA2s were introduced as part of the Statistical Standard for Geographic Areas 2018 (SSGA2018) which replaced the New Zealand Standard Areas Classification (NZSAC1992). The SA2 geography replaces the (NZSAC1992) area unit geography.

SA2 is an output geography that provides higher aggregations of population data than can be provided at the statistical area 1 (SA1) level. The SA2 geography aims to reflect communities that interact together socially and economically. In populated areas, SA2s generally contain similar sized populations.

SA2s are built from SA1s and either define or aggregate to define urban rural areas, territorial authorities, and regional councils. SA2s in city council areas generally have a population of 2,000–4,000 residents while SA2s in district council areas generally have a population of 1,000–3,000 residents. In rural areas, many SA2s have fewer than 1,000 residents because they are in conservation areas or contain sparse populations that cover a large area.

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The name field without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

Layer ID 104271
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 2255 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Urban Rural 2019 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

49812
399
Updated
05 May 2019

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 05 May 2019.

This dataset is the definitive set of urban rural boundaries at 1 January 2019 as defined by Stats NZ. Urban rural is a new output geography that classifies New Zealand into areas that share common urban or rural characteristics. Urban areas are built from the Statistical Area 2 geography, while rural and water areas are built from the Statistical Area 1 geography. Urban areas are statistically defined areas with no administrative or legal basis. The urban rural indicator is an attribute of this classification and provides additional information about a location's urban or rural nature.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007. This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

For further information see ANZLIC Metadata 2019 Urban Rural or ANZLIC Metadata 2019 Urban Rural Indicator attachments below

Layer ID 98752
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 721 (incl. 4 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

2018 Census Individual (part 1) total New Zealand by Statistical Area 1

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

48090
1713
Added
17 May 2020

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 17 May 2020.

This individual (part 1) dataset is displayed by statistical area 1 geography and contains information on:

• Census usually resident population count

• Census night population count

• Unit record data source

• Sex

• Age in five-year groups, including median age

• Age in broad groups

• Age in five-year groups by sex, including median age

• Years at usual residence

• Usual residence five years ago (2013) indicator

• Usual residence one year ago (2017) indicator

• Birthplace

• Birthplace (broad geographic areas) excluding at SA1

• Years since arrival in New Zealand, for the overseas-born

• Ethnic group (grouped total responses)

• Six languages (total responses)

• Māori descent

This dataset contains counts at statistical area 1 for selected variables from the 2018, 2013, and 2006 censuses. The geography corresponds to 2018 boundaries.

The data uses fixed random rounding to protect confidentiality. Some counts of less than 6 are suppressed according to 2018 confidentiality rules. Values of ‘-999’ indicate suppressed data, values of ‘-998’ refer to data not available at SA1 (refer to Birthplace for lower geographic breakdowns).

For further information on this dataset please refer to the Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census webpage - footnotes for individual part 1, Excel workbooks, and CSV files are available to download. Data quality ratings for 2018 Census variables, summarising the quality rating and priority levels for 2018 Census variables, are available.

For information on the statistical area 1 geography please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2018.

Layer ID 104612
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 29889 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

2018 Census usually resident population and age groups by Statistical Area 2

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

46995
872
Added
27 Sep 2019

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 27 Sep 2019.

This dataset contains census usually resident population counts from the 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses by statistical area 2. It contains counts by age groups for the 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses, and percentage changes between the 2013 and 2018 Censuses.

The life cycle age groups are: under 15 years, 15 to 29 years, 30 to 64 years, and 65 years and over.

These statistical area 2 boundaries extend to the 12 mile limit and are as at 1 January 2018, for further information see Statistical Area 2 2018 (generalised).

This data uses fixed random rounding to protect confidentiality. Some counts of less than 6 are suppressed according to 2018 confidentiality rules. Values of ‘-999’ indicate suppressed data.

For further information see the attachments below: Information about the data (2018 Census population age groups by SA22018), 2018 Census population age groups by SA22018 lookup, 2018 Census population and age groups by SA22018.

Layer ID 103902
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 2253 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

2013 Census counts by Statistical Area 2 2018

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

43182
273
Updated
22 May 2018

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 22 May 2018.

The 2013 Census usually resident population count, household, and occupied dwellings (private and non-private) data has been rebased to the 2018 meshblock geography and is shown according to the new statistical geographies and urban rural classification developed as a result of the Statistical Standard for Geographic Areas 2018 (SSGA18) review. The data is experimental and is provided as a guide to understanding the impact of the new geographic boundaries on the previous census counts.
Note: This data has been randomly rounded to protect confidentiality. Individual figures may not add up to totals, and values for the same data may vary in different tables.
For further information see the attachments below: Information about data; 2013 Census counts on SA22018 lookup; and ANZLIC Metadata 2018 Statistical Area 2.
For 2013 Census usually resident population counts by statistical area 2 2018 and area unit 2013 see attachment: Census 2013 population counts by SA22018 and AU2013.

Please note that a review of SA2 names was undertaken in early 2018. The review addressed issues with inconsistent naming and applied corrections, resulting in an update to this dataset applied in May 2018. All SA2 codes are unchanged.

Layer ID 92226
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 2253 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Urban Rural 2020 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

42207
625
Updated
30 Jan 2020

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 30 Jan 2020.

This dataset is the definitive set of annually released urban rural boundaries for 2020 as defined by Stats NZ. This version contains 721 urban rural categories.

The urban rural geography was introduced as part of the Statistical Standard for Geographic Areas 2018 (SSGA18) which replaced the New Zealand Standard Areas Classification (NZSAC92). The urban rural geography replaces the (NZSAC92) urban area geography.

Urban rural is an output geography that classifies New Zealand into areas that share common urban or rural characteristics and is used to disseminate a broad range of Stats NZ’s social, demographic and economic statistics.

Update: Following the 2018 Census ten rural settlements were reclassified as small urban areas in the Urban Rural 2020 classification. These are: Haruru, Ngunguru, Waipu, Parakai, Patumahoe Village, Pauanui, Pirongia, Mapua, Clyde and Lake Hawea.

The urban rural indicator complements the urban rural geography and is an attribute in this dataset. Further information on the urban rural indicator is available on the Stats NZ classification and coding tool ARIA.

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The name field without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

Layer ID 104269
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 721 (incl. 4 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

2018 Census occupied and unoccupied private dwellings by Regional Council

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

38890
88
Added
27 Sep 2019

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 27 Sep 2019.

This dataset contains occupied and unoccupied private dwelling counts from the 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses, with percentage changes between the 2013 and 2018 Censuses, by regional council.

These regional council boundaries extend to the 12 mile limit and are as at 1 January 2018, for further information see Regional Council 2018 (generalised).

This data uses fixed random rounding to protect confidentiality, for further information see 2018 confidentiality rules.

Note: the 2018 Census counted fewer dwellings in the Marlborough region than existed at census time. This was mainly in the Marlborough Sounds. If you intend to use dwelling counts at this geography, please contact censusrequests@stats.govt.nz for more information.

For further information see the attachments below: Information about the data (2018 census private dwellings by REGC2018), 2018 census private dwellings by REGC2018 lookup, 2018 census private dwellings by REGC2018.

Layer ID 103904
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 17
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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