Functional Urban Area 2023 Clipped (generalised)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

1435
8
Added
30 Nov 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 30 Nov 2022.

2023 Functional Urban Area update

For the 2023 FUA, there have been minor updates from the 2018 FUAs to align with changes to urban rural (UR) boundaries and statistical area 1 (SA1) composition. FUA 2023 is still based on the analysis of 2018 Census of Population and Dwellings commuting data. The Wanaka urban area, whose population has grown to be more than 10,000 based on population estimates, has been reclassified to a medium urban area in the 2023 UR and a medium regional centre in the FUA type.

Description

This dataset is the definitive version of the Functional Urban Area boundaries as at 1 January 2023, as defined by Stats NZ.

The functional urban area (FUA) classification identifies small urban areas and rural areas that are integrated with major, large, and medium urban areas to create FUAs. In 2023, there are 53 FUAs,excluding ‘land area outside functional urban area’ (9001) and ‘water area outside functional urban area’ (9002). The FUA classificationuses the urban rural (UR) geography to demarcate urban areas, and statistical area 1 areas(SA1s) to demarcate surrounding hinterland (the commuting zone) within FUAs, and rural and water areas outside FUAs.

FUAs represent a populated urban core/s and its commuting zone. Workplace address and usual residence address data from the 2018 Census of Population and Dwellings were used to identify satellite urban areas (1,000–4,999 residents), rural settlements and other rural SA1s from which at least 40 percent of workers commuted to urban areas with more than 5,000 residents.

FUA numbering and naming

The FUA classification identifies FUAs by the name of the most highly populated urban area it contains, for example, the Christchurch FUA includes the Christchurch urban core and Rangiora, Kaiapoi, and Rolleston secondary urban cores. There is one exception to the naming rule. The Paraparaumu-Waikanae-Paekakariki conurbation and surrounding hinterland is named Kapiti Coast.

The FUA classification has a two-level hierarchical structure, joined together to create each FUA code. Level 1 is classified by FUA type (TFUA) a one-digit code and level 2, which has three-digit codes numbered approximately north to south. Some examples are: 1001 Auckland, 2001 Whangārei, 3001 Cambridge, and 4001 Kaitāia.

FUA type (TFUA)

FUAs are further categorised by population size. The urban core’s population rather than the entire FUA’s population is used to maintain consistency between the descriptions of UR urban area and FUA type. The categories are, by code:

1 Metropolitan area – more than 100,000 residents living in the urban core,

2 Large regional centre – urban core population 30,000–99,999,

3 Medium regional centre – urban core population 10,000–29,999,

4 Small regional centre – urban core population 5,000–9,999, and,

9 Area outside functional urban area.

The Greymouth urban area population is less than 10,000 but is classified as a medium regional centre, consistent with its treatment as a medium urban area in the UA classification.

To differentiate from the UR classification, when referring to FUAs by name, their FUA type should also be mentioned, for example, Christchurch metropolitan area, Whangarei regional centre.

FUA indicator (IFUA)

The IFUA classifies UR2023 urban areas and rural SA1s according to their character within their FUA. The indicators, with their codes in brackets, are:

• urban area within functional urban area – urban core (101), secondary urban core (102), satellite urban area (103),

• rural area within functional urban area – hinterland (201),

• area outside functional urban area – land area outside functional urban area (901), water area outside functional urban area (902).

Further information on the urban rural indicator is available on the Stats NZ classification tool Ariā.

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

Clipped version

This clipped version has been created for cartographic purposes and so does not fully represent the official full extent boundaries.

Macrons

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The column name for those without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

Digital data

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

To download geographic classifications in table formats such as CSV please use Ariā

Layer ID 111200
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 138
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas File 2013

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3566
88
Added
26 May 2020

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 26 May 2020.

The geographic areas file 2013 is a downloadable csv file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as area units, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use this areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries link together.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas files can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Table ID 104685
Data type Table
Row count 46637
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas File 2016

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3449
37
Added
26 May 2020

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 26 May 2020.

The geographic areas file 2016 is a downloadable csv file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as area units, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use this areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries link together.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas files can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Table ID 104684
Data type Table
Row count 47062
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas File 2017

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4868
53
Added
25 May 2020

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 25 May 2020.

The geographic areas file 2017 is a downloadable csv file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as area units, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use this areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries link together.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas files can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Table ID 104681
Data type Table
Row count 50613
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas File 2018

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4819
296
Added
24 May 2020

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 24 May 2020.

The geographic areas file 2018 is a downloadable csv file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as statistical area 2s, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use this areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries link together.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas files can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Table ID 104680
Data type Table
Row count 53589
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas File 2019

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

12044
528
Updated
12 May 2020

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 12 May 2020.

This page contains an areas file for 2019 geographic areas.

Area files are text files that classify meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as statistical area 2s, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use the area files, which are also known as concordance files, to map the types of digital boundaries (see Examples of geographic boundary layers) within the geographic hierarchy, to see how the various geographic boundaries link together.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas files can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service. For earlier files refer to Geographic area files.

Table ID 98778
Data type Table
Row count 53596
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas File 2020

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

7056
733
Updated
12 May 2020

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 12 May 2020.

The geographic areas file 2020 is a downloadable csv file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as statistical area 2s, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use the area files, which are also known as concordance files, to see how the various geographic boundaries link together.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas files can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

For earlier geographic area files refer to the Geographic area files on the Stats NZ website.

From 2020 onwards, names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons, as applicable. Where a descriptor column has a macron, the corresponding column name without a macron is suffixed with ‘ascii’.

The geographic areas file 2020 was released prior to the setting of the general electorate 2020 (GED2020) and Māori electorate 2020 (MED2020) boundaries and therefore does not contain these. A GED2020 and MED2020 correspondence to meshblock is available here: datafinder.stats.govt.nz/data/category/electorates...

Table ID 104285
Data type Table
Row count 53596
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas Table 2021

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

6563
449
Updated
19 Jan 2023

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 19 Jan 2023.

The geographic areas file 2021 is a text file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as statistical area 2s, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use the areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries are related.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas file can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Geographic areas files for earlier years are also available on Stats NZ’s Geographic Data Service.

From 2020 onwards, names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons, as applicable. Where a descriptor column has a macron, the corresponding column name without a macron is suffixed with ‘ascii’.

Table ID 105172
Data type Table
Row count 53598
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas Table 2022

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3341
204
Updated
08 Nov 2022

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 08 Nov 2022.

The geographic areas file 2022 is a text file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as statistical area 2s, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use the areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries are related.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas file can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Geographic areas files for earlier years are also available on Stats NZ’s Geographic Data Service.

From 2020 onwards, names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons, as applicable. Where a descriptor column has a macron, the corresponding column name without a macron is suffixed with ‘ascii’.

Table ID 106721
Data type Table
Row count 56982
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Geographic Areas Table 2023

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

75563
85
Added
06 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 06 Dec 2022.

The geographic areas file 2023 is a text file that classifies meshblocks into larger geographic areas, such as statistical areas, territorial authorities, and regional councils. You can use the areas file, also known as a concordance file, to see how the various geographic boundaries are related.

For each meshblock, there is a series of codes that link to any meshblock-defined geographic area. All areas are set as at 1 January of the specified year. Concordance files are available from different years, to enable data for the same area classification to be compared over time.

The areas file can be used in conjunction with the geographic boundary files available on Stats NZ's Geographic Data Service.

Geographic areas files for earlier years are also available on Stats NZ’s Geographic Data Service.

From 2020 onwards, names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons, as applicable. Where a descriptor column has a macron, the corresponding column name without a macron is suffixed with ‘ascii’.

Table ID 111243
Data type Table
Row count 57539
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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