Meshblock 2018 (generalised)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

159888
2405
Added
01 Dec 2017

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 01 Dec 2017.

This dataset is the definitive set of annually released meshblock boundaries at 1 January 2018. Stats NZ maintains an annual meshblock geography for collecting and producing statistical data. This allows data to be compared over time. A meshblock is the smallest geographic unit for which statistical data is collected and processed by Stats NZ. A meshblock is defined by a geographic area, which can vary in size from part of a city block to a large area of rural land. Each meshblock borders on another to form a network covering all of New Zealand, including coasts and inlets and extending out to the 200-mile economic zone. Meshblocks are added together to build up larger geographic areas such as statistical area 1 (SA1), statistical area 2 (SA2), and urban rural. They are also used to define electoral districts, territorial authorities, and regional councils. The digital geographic boundaries are defined and maintained by Stats NZ. Meshblocks cover the land area of New Zealand, the water area to the 12-mile limit, the Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, sub-Antarctic islands, off-shore oil rigs, and Ross Dependency.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007. This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

There are 16 meshblocks not held in digitised form.

For further information see ANZLIC Metadata 2018 Meshblock attachment below.

Layer ID 92197
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 53589 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Meshblock 2013

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

148701
2202
Added
20 Nov 2015

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 20 Nov 2015.

This dataset is the definitive set of meshblock boundaries for 2013 as defined by Statistics New Zealand.
Statistics New Zealand maintains an annual meshblock pattern for the collection and production of statistical data, allowing data to be compared over time. A meshblock is the smallest geographic unit for which statistical data is collected and processed by Statistics New Zealand. A meshblock is defined by a geographic area, which can vary in size from part of a city block to a large area of rural land. Each meshblock abuts against another to form a network covering all of New Zealand, including coasts and inlets and extending out to the 200 mile economic zone. Meshblocks are added together to build up larger geographic areas such as area units and urban areas. They are also used to define electoral districts, territorial authorities and regional councils.
Meshblocks are allocated a unique seven-digit number. The first 5 digits are unique, and refer to the original 1976 meshblock code. The two end numbers refer to sequential meshblock splits to the original meshblock. When a meshblock is split the final two digits of the original meshblock number are changed. Exceptions to this rule are a small number of meshblocks where no more numbers in the sequence are available. There are therefore some meshblocks in Auckland and Tauranga City starting with 32xxxxx. Statistics New Zealand maintains a concordance file to ensure that boundaries relating to earlier meshblock patterns can also be produced.
There are two ways of amending meshblock boundaries.
- Splitting is the subdivision of a meshblock into two or more meshblocks.
- Nudging is the shifting of a boundary to a more appropriate position.

Layer ID 8347
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 46621
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Area Unit 2013

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

145874
1602
Added
20 Oct 2016

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 20 Oct 2016.

This is the definitive set of area unit boundaries for 2013 as defined by Statistics New Zealand as at 1 January 2013.
Area units are aggregations of adjacent meshblocks with coterminous boundaries to form a single unbroken surface area (land and/or water). Exceptions to this rule are some area units comprising collections of geographically related inlets and marinas.
In an urban location, an area unit is often a collection of city blocks, while in rural situations area units may be equated to localities or communities. Area units must either define or aggregate to define urban areas, rural centres, statistical areas, territorial authorities, and regional councils.
Each area unit must be a single geographic entity with a unique name. The area unit pattern is revised once every five years in the year immediately before a Census of Population and Dwellings. There may also be changes in other years, in conjunction with local body boundary changes. Statistics New Zealand maintains a concordance file to ensure boundaries relating to earlier area unit patterns can also be generated.

Layer ID 25743
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 2004
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Territorial Authority 2018 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

143940
2099
Added
03 Dec 2017

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 03 Dec 2017.

This dataset is the definitive set of annually released territorial authority boundaries at 1 January 2018 as defined by the territorial authorities and/or Local Government Commission, and maintained by Stats NZ. A territorial authority is defined under the Local Government Act 2002 as a city or a district council. Territorial authorities are the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007. This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

For further information see ANZLIC Metadata 2018 Territorial Authority attachment below.

Layer ID 92214
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 68
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Statistical Area 2 2018 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

138287
2112
Updated
17 May 2018

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 17 May 2018.

This dataset is the definitive set of statistical area 2 (SA2) boundaries at 1 January 2018 as defined by Stats NZ. SA2 is a new output geography that provides higher aggregations of population data than can be provided at the statistical area 1 (SA1) level. SA2s are defined at SA1 and meshblock levels. Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007. This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes. For further information see ANZLIC Metadata 2018 Statistical Area 2 attachment below or link to the StatsNZ Classification System Aria.

Please note that a review of SA2 names was undertaken in early 2018. The review addressed issues with inconsistent naming and applied corrections, resulting in an update to this dataset applied in May 2018. All SA2 codes are unchanged.

Layer ID 92212
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 2253 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Statistical Area 1 2018 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

121148
2213
Added
03 Dec 2017

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 03 Dec 2017.

This dataset is the definitive set of statistical area 1 (SA1) boundaries at 1 January 2018 as defined by Stats NZ. SA1 is a new output geography that allows for the release of more detailed information about population characteristics than is available at the meshblock level. SA1s are defined at meshblock level.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007. This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

For further information see ANZLIC Metadata 2018 Statistical Area 1 attachment below or link to the StatsNZ Classification System Aria.

Layer ID 92210
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 29889 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Statistical Area 3 Higher Geographies 2023 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

81651
25
Added
05 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 05 Dec 2022.

This dataset is the definitive version of the annually released statistical area 3 boundaries as at 1 January 2023, defined by Stats NZ and concorded to higher geographies. This version contains 929 statistical 3 areas.

Statistical area 3 (SA3) is a new output geography, introduced in 2023, that allows aggregations of population data between the SA3geography and territorial authority geography.

This dataset is the definitive version of statistical area 3 (SA3) boundaries concorded to higher geographies for 2023 as defined by Stats NZ. This version contains 929 SA3s.

This statistical area 3 higher geographies file is a correspondence, or concordance, which relates SA3s to larger geographic areas or 'higher geographies'.

The higher geography contained in this concordance is: territorial authority (TA).

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

Generalised version

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Macrons

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The column name for those without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

Digital data

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

To download geographic classifications in table formats such as CSV please use Ariā

Layer ID 111235
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 929 (incl. 4 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Statistical Area 2 2023 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

81243
44
Added
01 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 01 Dec 2022.

Statistical Area 2 2023 update

SA2 2023 is the first major update of the geography since it was first created in 2018. The update is to ensure SA2s are relevant and meet criteria before each five-yearly population and dwelling census. SA2 2023 contains 135 new SA2s. Updates were made to reflect real world change of population and dwelling growth mainly in urban areas, and to make some improvements to their delineation of communities of interest.

Description

This dataset is the definitive version of the annually released statistical area 2 (SA2) boundaries as at 1 January 2023 as defined by Stats NZ. This version contains 2,395 SA2s (2,379 digitised and 16 with empty or null geometries (non-digitised)).

SA2 is an output geography that provides higher aggregations of population data than can be provided at the statistical area 1 (SA1) level. The SA2 geography aims to reflect communities that interact together socially and economically. In populated areas, SA2s generally contain similar sized populations.

The SA2 should:

form a contiguous cluster of one or more SA1s,

excluding exceptions below, allow the release of multivariate statistics with minimal data suppression,

capture a similar type of area, such as a high-density urban area, farmland, wilderness area, and water area,

be socially homogeneous and capture a community of interest. It may have, for example:

  • a shared road network,
  • shared community facilities,
  • shared historical or social links, or
  • socio-economic similarity,

form a nested hierarchy with statistical output geographies and administrative boundaries. It must:

  • be built from SA1s,
  • either define or aggregate to define SA3s, urban areas, territorial authorities, and regional councils.

SA2s in city council areas generally have a population of 2,000–4,000 residents while SA2s in district council areas generally have a population of 1,000–3,000 residents.

In major urban areas, an SA2 or a group of SA2s often approximates a single suburb. In rural areas, rural settlements are included in their respective SA2 with the surrounding rural area.

SA2s in urban areas where there is significant business and industrial activity, for example ports, airports, industrial, commercial, and retail areas, often have fewer than 1,000 residents. These SA2s are useful for analysing business demographics, labour markets, and commuting patterns.

In rural areas, some SA2s have fewer than 1,000 residents because they are in conservation areas or contain sparse populations that cover a large area.

To minimise suppression of population data, small islands with zero or low populations close to the mainland, and marinas are generally included in their adjacent land-based SA2.

Zero or nominal population SA2s

To ensure that the SA2 geography covers all of New Zealand and aligns with New Zealand’s topography and local government boundaries, some SA2s have zero or nominal populations. These include:

  • SA2s where territorial authority boundaries straddle regional council boundaries. These SA2s each have fewer than 200 residents and are: Arahiwi, Tiroa, Rangataiki, Kaimanawa, Taharua, Te More, Ngamatea, Whangamomona, and Mara.
  • SA2s created for single islands or groups of islands that are some distance from the mainland or to separate large unpopulated islands from urban areas
  • SA2s that represent inland water, inlets or oceanic areas including: inland lakes larger than 50 square kilometres, harbours larger than 40 square kilometres, major ports, other non-contiguous inlets and harbours defined by territorial authority, and contiguous oceanic areas defined by regional council.
  • SA2s for non-digitised oceanic areas, offshore oil rigs, islands, and the Ross Dependency. Each SA2 is represented by a single meshblock. The following 16 SA2s are held in non-digitised form (SA2 code; SA2 name):

400001; New Zealand Economic Zone, 400002; Oceanic Kermadec Islands, 400003; Kermadec Islands, 400004; Oceanic Oil Rig Taranaki, 400005; Oceanic Campbell Island, 400006; Campbell Island, 400007; Oceanic Oil Rig Southland, 400008; Oceanic Auckland Islands, 400009; Auckland Islands, 400010 ; Oceanic Bounty Islands, 400011; Bounty Islands, 400012; Oceanic Snares Islands, 400013; Snares Islands, 400014; Oceanic Antipodes Islands, 400015; Antipodes Islands, 400016; Ross Dependency.

SA2 numbering and naming

Each SA2 is a single geographic entity with a name and a numeric code. The name refers to a geographic feature or a recognised place name or suburb. In some instances where place names are the same or very similar, the SA2s are differentiated by their territorial authority name, for example, Gladstone (Carterton District) and Gladstone (Invercargill City).

SA2 codes have six digits. North Island SA2 codes start with a 1 or 2, South Island SA2 codes start with a 3 and non-digitised SA2 codes start with a 4. They are numbered approximately north to south within their respective territorial authorities. To ensure the north–south code pattern is maintained, the SA2 codes were given 00 for the last two digits when the geography was created in 2018. When SA2 names or boundaries change only the last two digits of the code will change.

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

Generalised version

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Macrons

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The column name for those without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

Digital data

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

To download geographic classifications in table formats such as CSV please use Ariā

Layer ID 111227
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 2395 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Statistical Area 1 Higher Geographies 2023 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

80870
16
Added
05 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 05 Dec 2022.

This dataset is the definitive set of statistical area 1 (SA1) boundaries concorded to higher geographies for 2023. This version contains 33,164 SA1s, including 16 with empty or null geometries (non-digitised SA1s).

SA1 is an output geography that allows the release of more detailed information about population characteristics than is available at the meshblock level.

Built by joining meshblocks, SA1s have an ideal size range of 100–200 residents, and a maximum population of about 500. This is to minimise suppression of population data in multivariate statistics tables.

This SA1 higher geographies 2023 file is a correspondence, or concordance, which relates SA1s to larger geographic areas or 'higher geographies'. The higher geographies contained in this concordance are: statistical area 2 (SA22023), statistical area 3 (SA32023), urban rural (UR2023), and urban rural indicator (IUR2023), urban accessibility indicator (IUA), functional urban area (FUA), indicator functional urban area (IFUA) and functional urban area type (TFUA), territorial authority (TA2023), and regional council (REGC2023). The geography urban accessibility indicator (IUA), was first published in 2020 and added to this concordance in 2022.

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

Generalised version

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Macrons

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The column name for those without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

Digital data

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

To download geographic classifications in table formats such as CSV please use Ariā

Layer ID 111237
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 33164 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Meshblock 2023 (generalised)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

79378
35
Added
01 Dec 2022

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 01 Dec 2022.

This dataset is the definitive of the annually released meshblock boundaries as at 1 January 2023 as defined by Stats NZ (the custodian), clipped to the coastline. This clipped version has been created for cartographic purposes and so does not fully represent the official full extent boundaries. This version contains 57,539 meshblocks.

Stats NZ maintains an annual meshblock pattern for collecting and producing statistical data. This allows data to be compared over time.

A meshblock is the smallest geographic unit for which statistical data is collected and processed by Stats NZ. A meshblock is a defined geographic area, which can vary in size from part of a city block to a large area of rural land. The optimal size for a meshblock is 30–60 dwellings (containing approximately 60–120 residents).

Each meshblock borders on another to form a network covering all of New Zealand, including coasts and inlets and extending out to the 200-mile economic zone (EEZ) and is digitised to the 12-mile (19.3km) limit. Meshblocks are added together to build up larger geographic areas such as statistical area 1 (SA1), statistical area 2 (SA2), statistical area 3 (SA3), and urban rural (UR). They are also used to define electoral districts, territorial authorities, and regional councils.

Meshblock boundaries generally follow road centrelines, cadastral property boundaries, or topographical features such as rivers. Expanses of water in the form of lakes and inlets are defined separately from land.

Meshblock maintenance

Meshblock boundaries are amended by:

  1. Splitting – subdividing a meshblock into two or more meshblocks.
  2. Nudging – shifting a boundary to a more appropriate position.

Reasons for meshblock splits and nudges can include:

·to maintain meshblock criteria rules.

·to improve the size balance of meshblocks in areas where there has been population growth

·to maintain alignment to cadastre and other geographic features.

·Stats NZ requests for boundary changes so that statistical geography boundaries can be moved

·external requests for boundary changes so that administrative or electoral boundaries can be moved

·to separate land and water. Mainland, inland water, islands, inlets, and oceanic are defined separately

Meshblock changes are made throughout the year. A major release is made at 1 January each year with ad hoc releases available to users at other times.

While meshblock boundaries are continually under review, 'freezes' on changes to the boundaries are applied periodically. Such 'freezes' are imposed at the time of population censuses and during periods of intense electoral activity, for example, prior and during general and local body elections.

Meshblock numbering

Meshblocks are not named and have seven-digit codes.

When meshblocks are split, each new meshblock is given a new code. The original meshblock codes no longer exist within that version and future versions of the meshblock classification. Meshblock codes do not change when a meshblock boundary is nudged.

Meshblocks that existed prior to 2015 and have not changed are numbered from 0000100 to 3210003. Meshblocks created from 2015 onwards are numbered from 4000000.

Digitised and non-digitised meshblocks

The digital geographic boundaries are defined and maintained by Stats NZ.

Meshblocks cover the land area of New Zealand, the water area to the 12mile limit, the Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, sub-Antarctic islands, offshore oil rigs, and Ross Dependency. The following 16 meshblocks are not held in digitised form.

Meshblock / Location (statistical area 2 name)

  • 0016901 / Oceanic Kermadec Islands
  • 0016902 / Kermadec Islands
  • 1588000 / Oceanic Oil Rig Taranaki
  • 3166401 / Oceanic Campbell Island
  • 3166402 / Campbell Island
  • 3166600 / Oceanic Oil Rig Southland
  • 3166710 / Oceanic Auckland Islands
  • 3166711 / Auckland Islands
  • 3195000 / Ross Dependency
  • 3196001 / New Zealand Economic Zone
  • 3196002 / Oceanic Bounty Islands
  • 3196003 / Bounty Islands
  • 3196004 / Oceanic Snares Islands
  • 3196005 / Snares Island
  • 3196006 / Oceanic Antipodes Islands
  • 3196007 / Antipodes Island

For more information please refer to the Statistical standard for geographic areas 2023.

Generalised version

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Digital data

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

To download geographic classifications in table formats such as CSV please use Ariā

Layer ID 111228
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 57539 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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