Territorial Authority Local Board (TALB) is a derived classification. TALB is derived from the definitive versionsof the annually released local boards for Auckland and territorial authorities for the rest of New Zealand, as defined by the territorial authorities and/or Local Government Commission and maintained by Stats NZ (the custodian). This version contains 21 local boards in the Auckland Council and 66 territorial authority boundaries for the rest New Zealand.For statistical outputs that use territorial authorities to aggregate and report data Auckland Council is treated as a single geographic entity. This can hide meaningful patterns and trends for a significant portion of the population. A solution was to create a new classification of territorial authorities that includes the local boards for Auckland. The Auckland Council was established in 2010 under the Local Government (Tamaki Makaurau Reorganisation) Act 2009. Seven territorial authorities within the Auckland Region were abolished and replaced by the unitary authority Auckland Council.StructureLocal boards fall within the community board classification.Auckland Local Boards have been in place since the November 2010 reorganisation and changes are reflected in the 2011 and subsequent community board classifications.Local boards share governance with a council’s governing body and each has complementary responsibilities, guaranteed by legislation. Local boards can propose bylaws and they gather community views on local and regional matters. Legislation enacted in 2012 allows for the establishment of local boards in areas of new unitary authorities that are predominantly urban and have a population of more than 400,000. NumberingThe Territorial Authority Local Board classification is a flat classification. Each category has a unique five-digit code. The first three digits represent the territorial authority code, ranging from 001 to 076 (with 999 being Area Outside Territorial Authority). The last two digits indicate if the territorial authority is further defined at local board level: 00 indicates the territorial authority is “not further defined”. Auckland retains sequential codes from the community board classification. The names for the classification are retained from the territorial authority and community board classifications.MaintenanceLocal boards must align to meshblocks but not to statistical area 1 or 2. Stats NZ must be consulted if there is a proposed boundary change that does not align with the meshblock pattern.The boundaries of local boards cannot be abolished or changed except through a reorganisation process.If new local boards are created they will be incorporated into this classification.Changes to the territorial authority and community board classifications may trigger an update to this classification.Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The name field without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.
Territorial authorities are based on the meshblock pattern. Non-alignment of meshblock and cadastral boundaries are one of a number of reasons for meshblock boundary adjustments. Other reasons include requests from local authorities, Local Government Commission, Electoral Representation Commission and to make census enumeration processes easier. From the meshblock pattern, higher geographies, including the territorial authority pattern, are dissolved using the dissolve tool in the Arc GIS suite.
Community boards are based on the meshblock pattern. Non-alignment of meshblock and cadastral boundaries are one of a number of reasons for meshblock boundary adjustments. Other reasons include requests from local authorities, Local Government Commission, Electoral Representation Commission and to make census enumeration processes easier. From the meshblock pattern, higher geographies, including the community board pattern, are dissolved using the dissolve tool in the Arc GIS suite.
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