This dataset is the definitive set of Community Board boundaries for 2011 as defined by the territorial authorities and Local Government Commission but maintained by Statistics New Zealand, who are the custodian.Community Boards are set up under the Local Government Act 2002 and Local Electoral Act 2001. Their purpose is to administer the affairs of communities with populations not less than 1,500 within rural, urban or metropolitan districts of a territorial authority. A community boards functions, powers and duties are delegated at the discretion of its parent territorial authority and these may differ from community board to community board. Community boards and their boundaries are reviewed in the year immediately preceding the triennial local government elections. Community Boards are numbered based on their corresponding territorial authority. Each community board has a unique five digit number. The first three digits are the territorial authority that the community board lies within. The following two digits are sequential, and represent the number of community boards within the territorialauthority. For example, Taupo District (021) has 1 community board numbered 02101. The rest of the district is not represented by a community board boundary and is therefore coded 02199.Many territorial authorities do not have community boards and if they do, the community boards do not necessarily cover the whole territorial authority.As at 1stJuly 2007, Digital Boundary data became freely available.
Community Boards are based on the meshblock pattern. Once all changes are prepared, Statistics NZ then passes the requests for changes to the meshblock pattern onto LINZ for the electronic changes to take place.
For a change to community board boundaries to occur outside a review period, a special consideration must be granted by Statistics New Zealand.
Non-alignment of meshblock and cadastral boundaries are one of a number of reasons for meshblock boundary adjustments. Other reasons include requests from local authorities, Local Government Commission, Electoral Representation Commission and to make Census of Population and Dwellings enumeration processes easier.
To Derive the area unit boundaries clipped to the coastline, meshblock polygons were dissolved to include or exclude land/water attributes attached to each meshblock.
From the meshblock pattern, higher geographies, including the 2012 Community boards pattern were dissolved using the dissolve tool in the Arc GIS suite to create multiple output datasets.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)