Area Unit 2012 (generalised)

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23
0
Added
21 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 21 Jul 2021.

This dataset is the definitive set of area unit boundaries for 2012 as defined by Statistics New Zealand.

Area units are aggregations of adjacent meshblocks with coterminous boundaries to form a single unbroken surface area (land and/or water). Exceptions to this rule are some area units comprising collections of geographically related inlets and marinas. Area units are non-administrative areas intermediate in size between meshblocks and territorial authorities. In an urban situation area units are often a collection of city blocks while in rural situations area units may be equated to localities or communities. Area Units must either define or aggregate to define urban areas, rural centres, statistical areas, territorial authorities and regional councils. Each area unit must be a single geographic entity with a unique name.

The area unit pattern is revised once each five years in the year immediately prior to the taking of a Census of Population and Dwellings. There may also be changes in other years, in conjunction with local body boundary changes. Statistics New Zealandmaintains a concordance file to ensure that boundaries relating to earlier area unit patterns can also be generated.

As at 1st July 2007, Digital Boundary data became freely available.

Layer ID 105702
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 1995
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Community Board 2012 (generalised)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

45
0
Added
21 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 21 Jul 2021.

This dataset is the definitive set of Community Board boundaries for 2011 as defined by the territorial authorities and Local Government Commission but maintained by Statistics New Zealand, who are the custodian.

Community Boards are set up under the Local Government Act 2002 and Local Electoral Act 2001. Their purpose is to administer the affairs of communities with populations not less than 1,500 within rural, urban or metropolitan districts of a territorial authority. A community boards functions, powers and duties are delegated at the discretion of its parent territorial authority and these may differ from community board to community board. Community boards and their boundaries are reviewed in the year immediately preceding the triennial local government elections.

Community Boards are numbered based on their corresponding territorial authority. Each community board has a unique five digit number. The first three digits are the territorial authority that the community board lies within. The following two digits are sequential, and represent the number of community boards within the territorial

authority. For example, Taupo District (021) has 1 community board numbered 02101. The rest of the district is not represented by a community board boundary and is therefore coded 02199.

Many territorial authorities do not have community boards and if they do, the community boards do not necessarily cover the whole territorial authority.

As at 1st July 2007, Digital Boundary data became freely available.

Layer ID 105701
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 194
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Regional Council 2012 (generalised)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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34
1
Added
21 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 21 Jul 2021.

This dataset is the definitive set of regional council boundaries for 2012 as defined by the Local Government Commission and/or the territorial authorities themselves but maintained by Statistics New Zealand (who are the custodian).

The region is the top tier of local government in New Zealand. There are 16 regions of New Zealand (Part 1 of Schedule 2 of the Local Government Act 2002). Eleven are governed by an elected regional council, while five are governed by territorial authorities (the second tier of local government) who also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities. These unitary authorities are Auckland Council, Nelson City Council, Gisborne, Tasman, and Marlborough District Councils. The Chatham Islands Council also perform some of the functions of a regional council, but is not strictly a unitary authority. Unitary authorities act as regional councils for the purposes of a wide range of Acts and regulations. Regional council areas are based on water catchment areas. Regional councils are responsible for the administration of many environmental and public transport matters.

Regional Councils were established in 1989 after the abolition of the 22 local government regions. The local government act 2002, requires the boundaries of regions to confirm as far as possible to one or more water catchments. When determining regional boundaries, the local Government commission gave consideration to regional communities of interest when selecting water catchments to included in a region. It also considered factors such as natural resource management, land use planning and environmental matters. Some regional boundaries are conterminous with territorial authority boundaries but there are many exceptions. An example is Taupo District, which is split between four regions, although most of its area falls within the Waikato Region. Where territorial local authorities straddle regional council boundaries, the affected area have been statistically defined in complete area units. Generally regional councils contain complete territorial authorities.

The unitary authority of the Auckland Council was formed in 2010, under the Local Government (Tamaki Makarau Reorganisation) Act 2009, replacing the Auckland Regional Council and seven territorial authorities.

The seaward boundary of any costal regional council is the twelve mile New Zealand territorial limit.

Regional councils are defined at meshblock and area unit level.

Layer ID 105700
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 17
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Territorial Authority 2012 (generalised)

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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28
0
Added
21 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 21 Jul 2021.

This dataset is the definitive set of territorial authority boundaries for 2012 as defined by the Local Government Commission and/or the territorial authorities themselves but maintained by Statistics New Zealand (who are the custodian). A Territorial Authority is defined under the local government act 2001m as a city or a district council.

There are now a total of 67 territorial authorities in New Zealand. This updated total reflects the amalgamation of the seven territorial authorities (Rodney District, North Shore City, Waitakere City, Auckland City, Manukau City, Papakura District and Franklin District) into one new Auckland Council in 2010.

Territorial authorities are the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. The 67 territorial authorities comprise: 12 city councils, 53 district councils, the Auckland Council and the Chatham Islands Territory. Six territorial authorities (Auckland Council, Nelson City Council, Gisborne , Tasman , and Marlborough District Councils) also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are known as unitary authorities. Chatham Islands Territory undertakes only some of the functions of a regional council, and is therefore not a unitary authority. Territorial authority districts are not subdivisions of regions, and some of them fall within more than one region. Taupo District has the distinction of straddling the boundaries of four different regions. Territorial authorities are based on communities of interest and road access and administer local roading and reserves, sewerage, building consents, the land use and subdivision aspects of resource management, and other local matters.

Territorial authorities are defined at meshblock and area unit level.

As at 1st July 2007, Digital Boundary data became freely available.

Layer ID 105699
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 67
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Urban Area 2012 (generalised)

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50
0
Updated
21 Jul 2021

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 21 Jul 2021.

This dataset is the definitive set of urban area boundaries for 2012 as defined by Statistics New Zealand.

Urban areas are statistically defined areas with no administrative or legal basis. Urban area populations are defined internationally as towns with 1000 people or more. The urban area classification is designed to identify concentrated urban or semi-urban settlements without the distortions of administrative boundaries. Urban areas are made up of complete meshblocks and area units.

Prior to 1992 only the main and secondary urban areas had unique 2 digit codes. In the 1992 pattern the structure of the urban areas was changed to 3 digits, with unique codes for Minor Urban Areas as well as Main and Secondary Urban Areas.

There is a three part hierarchal sub-division of urban areas into:

  • Main Urban Areas
  • Secondary Urban Areas
  • Minor Urban Areas

Main urban areas are very large urban areas centred on a city or major urban centre. Main urban areas have a minimum population of 30, 000 and are identified by codes between 001 and 100 such as 020, Wellington. In the 2012 dataset, there are 25 main urban areas.

Secondary urban areas were established at the 1981 Census of Population and Dwellings. They have a population between 10,000 and 29,999 and are centred on the large regional centres. Codes for secondary urban areas range between 101 and 200 such as 110, Blenheim. In the 2012 Dataset, there are 15 secondary urban areas.

The remainder of the statistically defined urbanised population of New Zealand are in minor urban areas. Minor urban areas are urbanised settlements (outside main and secondary urban areas), centred around smaller towns with a population between 1,000 and 9,999. Codes for minor urban areas range between 201 and 500.

Rural centres are also defined in the urban area field. Rural centres were established during the 1989 Review of Geostatistical Boundaries. Rural centres have no administrative or legal status, but are statistical units deified by complete area units. They have a population between 300 and 999. These are not termed urban under than standard international definition but identifying these settlements enables users to distinguish between rural dwellers living in true rural areas and those living in rural settlements or townships. The code for rural centres is 501.

There is a major review of urban areas approximately every 20 years. Minor alterations can also occur as a result of requests from territorial authorities, general public, government organisations and statistics New Zealand output needs.

As at 1st July 2007, Digital Boundary data became freely available.

Layer ID 105697
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 145
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Ward 2012 (generalised)

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49
0
Updated
21 Jul 2021

This dataset was last updated on Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 21 Jul 2021.

This dataset is the definitive set of ward boundaries at 1 January 2012 as defined by the territorial authorities and/or Local Government Commission, but maintained by Statistics New Zealand (who are the custodian). This version contains 258 categories.

Wards were originally set up within any territorial authority with a population of at least 20,000. Wards are defined under the Local Electoral Act 2001 and result from dividing a territorial authority for electoral purposes. The ward system was designed to allow for the recognition of communities within a territorial authority and to increase community involvement in the local government system. Territorial authorities can now choose whether they would like to maintain electoral wards. As a result, the number of wards has steadily decreased since they were first created in 1989. Ward boundaries are reviewed in the year before the three-yearly local government elections.

Layer ID 105696
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Feature count 258
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Meshblock 2008 Generalised Version

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196
2
Added
02 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 02 Jul 2021.

MB2008_V1_00 is a major released version of the annually released meshblock pattern as at 1 January 2008. This version contains 42,982 meshblocks in this file.This dataset is the definitive set of meshblock boundaries for 2008 as defined by Statistics New Zealand.Statistics New Zealand maintains an annual meshblock pattern for the collection and production of statistical data, allowing data to be compared over time. A meshblock is the smallest geographic unit for which statistical data is collected and processed by Statistics New Zealand. A meshblock is defined by a geographic area, which can vary in size from part of a city block to a large area of rural land. Each meshblock abuts against another to form a network covering all of New Zealand, including coasts and inlets and extending out to the 200 mile economic zone. Meshblocks are added together to build up larger geographic areas such as area units and urban areas. They are also used to define electoral districts, territorial authorities and regional councils. Full metatdata can be found here: www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/people_and_comm...

Layer ID 105660
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 42982 (incl. 16 with empty or null geometries)
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New Zealand business demography statistics at February 2020 (on statistical area 2 2020)

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1717
86
Added
29 Mar 2021

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 29 Mar 2021.

Business demography statistics

Business demography statistics provide an annual snapshot (as at February) of the structure and characteristics of New Zealand businesses. Statistics produced include counts of enterprises and geographic units by industry, geography such as region or statistical area 2 (SA2), institutional sector, business type, degree of overseas ownership, enterprise births, enterprise deaths, survival rate of enterprises and employment levels.

The series covers economically significant private-sector and public-sector enterprises that are engaged in the production of goods and services in New Zealand. These enterprises are maintained on the Statistics NZ Business Register (BR), which generally includes all employing units and those enterprises with GST turnover greater than $30,000 per year.

For further information: www.stats.govt.nz/information-releases/new-zealand...

Statistical geography

This dataset provides data for the SA2 geography (SA22020_V1_00). Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The name field without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’. Data for earlier years is available in NZ.Stat– see Geographic units by industry and statistical area 2000-2020.

Geographic units

The geographic unit represents a business location engaged in one, or predominantly one, kind of economic activity at a single physical site or base (e.g. a factory, a farm, a shop, an office). Geographic units are unique to enterprises and an enterprise unit can have one or many geographic units (business locations). Typically, an enterprise unit only has a single geographic unit, unless the enterprise has paid employees who permanently work at more than one location. Geographic units can be transferred between enterprises (e.g. enterprise B purchases a factory (a geographic unit on the BR) as a going concern from enterprise A).

Employee count data

Employee counts (ECs) are sourced from the Inland Revenue employer monthly schedule (EMS) tax form.

Industry

The Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) 2006 is used to compile Business Demography statistics. The classification can be viewed and downloaded from Ariā.

ANZSIC 2006 divisions are:

A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing

B Mining

C Manufacturing

D Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services

E Construction

F Wholesale Trade

G Retail Trade

H Accommodation and Food Services

I Transport, Postal and Warehousing

J Information Media and Telecommunications

K Financial and Insurance Services

L Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services

M Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

N Administrative and Support Services

O Public Administration and Safety

P Education and Training

Q Health Care and Social Assistance

R Arts and Recreation Services

S Other Services

Total Industry

Rounding

Enterprise, geographic unit, and EC counts are randomly rounded. Due to rounding, individual figures may not sum to the published totals.

Quality limitations of fine-level data, including SA2-level data

We recommend caution when using fine-level regional and industry business demography data. The Business Register (BR) supports quality national-level and aggregate industry-level statistics but is not designed to provide quality fine-level regional or industry statistics. The BR update sources can have timing lags and less robust information for small and medium-sized enterprises. These quality weaknesses can be highlighted in fine-level business demography statistics.

For more information about data quality and available data go to DataInfo+.

Layer ID 105388
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 2239
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Functional Urban Area 2018

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1991
63
Added
10 Feb 2021

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 10 Feb 2021.

The functional urban area (FUA) classification identifies small urban areas and rural areas that are integrated with larger urban areas to create FUAs.

Workplace address and usual residence address data from the 2018 Census of Population and Dwellings were used to identify satellite urban areas (1,000–4,999 residents), and rural statistical area 1s (SA1s) from which at least 40 percent of workers commuted to urban areas with more than 5,000 residents.

An FUA includes Urban rural (UR) 2018 urban areas, rural settlements and rural SA1s where there is: an urban core, one or more secondary urban cores, one or more satellite urban areas, and rural hinterland (rural settlements or rural SA1s).

The FUA indicator (IFUA) classifies UR2018 urban areas and rural SA1s according to their character within their FUA, e.g. urban core, satellite urban area.

The 53 FUAs are classified by population size. The urban core’s population rather than the entire FUA’s population is used to maintain consistency between the descriptions of UR2018 urban area and FUA type (TFUA).

FUAs that have more than 100,000 residents living in their urban core are known as metropolitan areas, while smaller FUAs are divided into large (core population 30,000–99,999), medium (core population 10,000–29,999), and small regional centres (core population 5,000–9,999).

The Greymouth urban area population is less than 10,000 but is classified as a medium regional centre, consistent with its treatment as a medium urban area in the Urban accessibility (UA) 2018 classification.

Names are provided with and without tohutō/macrons. The name field without macrons is suffixed ‘ascii’.

For more detail, and classifications, please refer to Ariā.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

Layer ID 105288
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 139
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Meshblock 2021 Clipped (generalised)

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2485
97
Added
09 Dec 2020

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 09 Dec 2020.

This dataset is the definitive set of annually released meshblock boundaries for 2021 as defined by Stats NZ. This version contains 53,598 meshblocks, clipped to the coastline. This clipped version has been created for map creation/cartographic purposes and so does not fully represent the official full extent boundaries.

Stats NZ maintains an annual meshblock geography for collecting and producing statistical data. This allows data to be compared over time. A meshblock is the smallest geographic unit for which statistical data is collected and processed by Stats NZ. A meshblock is defined by a geographic area, which can vary in size from part of a city block to a large area of rural land. Each meshblock borders on another to form a network covering all of New Zealand, including coasts and inlets and extending out to the 200-mile economic zone. Meshblocks are added together to build up larger geographic areas such as statistical area 1 (SA1), statistical area 2 (SA2), and urban rural. They are also used to define electoral districts, territorial authorities, and regional councils.

The following 16 meshblocks are outside the 12 mile limit and are not held in digitised form: 0016901, 0016902, 1588000, 3166401, 3166402, 3166600, 3166710, 3166711, 3195000, 3196001, 3196002, 3196003, 3196004, 3196005, 3196006, 3196007.

This generalised version has been simplified for rapid drawing and is designed for thematic or web mapping purposes.

Digital boundary data became freely available on 1 July 2007.

The meshblock classification can also be downloaded from the Stats NZ classification and concordance tool Ariā.

Layer ID 105184
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 52930
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