Urban Accessibility 2018 (generalised)


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27 Sep 2020

This dataset was first added to Stats NZ Geographic Data Service on 27 Sep 2020.

The urban accessibility (UA) classification measures the degree of urban influence New Zealand’s urban areas have on surrounding rural areas. It classifies the geographic accessibility of rural statistical area 1s (SA1s) and small urban areas according to their proximity, or degree of remoteness, to larger urban areas. This classification provides increased understanding of the heterogeneity of rural areas and small urban areas and will allow more extensive analysis and reporting. Understanding the degree of urban accessibility or remoteness is important as it has a major influence on the employment sector, accessibility to services, and population composition and change.
The methodology uses drive time from an SA1 address weighted centroid to the outside boundary of the nearest major, large, and medium urban area (from Stats NZ urban rural (UR) classification) to classify rural SA1s and small urban areas to one of five categories of accessibility or remoteness. The Open Source Routing Machine service using the OpenStreetMap road network is used to calculate the drive times.

A concordance between SA1 and Urban Accessibility can be found on Aria.

Rural SA1s and small urban areas are classified to the following categories:

·High urban accessibility:
0 to15 minutes from major urban areas

·Medium urban accessibility:
15 to 25 minutes from major urban areas
0 to 25 minutes from large urban areas
0 to 15 minutes from medium urban areas

·Low urban accessibility:
25 to 60 minutes from major or large urban areas
15 to 60 minutes from medium urban areas

60 to 120 minutes from major, large or medium urban areas

·Very remote:
more than 120 minutes from major, large or medium urban areas

For more information refer to: Urban accessibility - methodology and classification.

The full classification is shown below:
111 Major urban area

112 Large urban area

113 Medium urban area

221 High urban accessibility

222 Medium urban accessibility

223 Low urban accessibility

224 Remote

225 Very remote

331 Inland water

332 Inlet

333 Oceanic

Note: Areas of 221 High urban accessibility and 222 Medium urban accessibility may be regarded as peri-urban in nature and combined with urban areas for analytical purposes.

Layer ID 105022
Data type Vector multipolygon
Feature count 11
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed